What Is A Rough Terrain Crane? How Does It Work?

March 15, 2023

Do you know what is a rough terrain crane? Do you know the difference between it and ordinary mobile cranes? This blog will introduce you to some basic information about rough terrain cranes, as well as some helpful content. It only takes three minutes, and your doubts may be answered!

What Is A Rough Terrain Crane? How Does It Work?

What is a rough terrain crane? A rough terrain crane is a mobile crane designed specifically to operate in off-road and rough terrain conditions. It is equipped with large rubber tires and outriggers, which provide excellent stability on uneven surfaces.

The crane is mounted on a chassis with four or more axles, allowing it to move over rough terrain with ease. The crane is powered by a diesel engine and is capable of lifting heavy loads of up to several hundred tons.

How does it work?

A rough terrain crane works using a hydraulic system, which allows for precise control over the movement of the crane. Here’s a breakdown of how the hydraulic system works:

Boom Operation:

The crane’s boom is made up of several sections that can be extended and retracted using hydraulic cylinders. By controlling the movement of these cylinders, the operator can adjust the length and angle of the boom to reach the desired height.


The crane is equipped with outriggers, which are hydraulic arms that extend outward from the chassis. These arms provide additional stability to the crane by widening its base and preventing it from tipping over.

Precision and Control:

The hydraulic system provides the operator with precise control over the crane’s movements. By operating the various hydraulic controls, the operator can lift and move heavy objects with accuracy and control.

What Is The Difference Between A Rough Terrain Crane And A Mobile Crane?

What is a rough terrain crane and is it the same as a mobile one? Of course not. There are quite a few differences between rough terrain cranes and mobile cranes, which make them suitable for different applications.

Both rough terrain cranes and mobile cranes are used for heavy lifting and moving of objects. However, there are several key differences between the two. Here are four significant differences:


Rough terrain cranes are designed to operate in off-road and rough terrain conditions, while mobile cranes are used in urban areas and other locations with smooth and flat surfaces.

Tire Size:

Rough terrain cranes are equipped with large rubber tires that can navigate through rough terrain with ease. In contrast, mobile cranes typically have smaller tires that are designed for use on roads and other smooth surfaces.


Rough terrain cranes have outriggers that can be extended to provide additional stability on uneven surfaces. Mobile cranes do not typically have outriggers and rely on their weight and stability to remain upright.

Power Source:

Rough terrain cranes are typically powered by a diesel engine, while mobile cranes can be powered by either electricity or diesel. The power source can affect the crane’s performance and maneuverability in different environments.

XJCM’s Rough Terrain Crane Is Ideal For All-Terrain Engineering Lifting Operations:

What is a rough terrain crane? Or in other words, which terrains or places can it play its strengths in? XJCM is a professional manufacturer of cranes and large structural parts. They have more than 20 years of experience, bringing perfect lifting solutions to many countries or customers around the world.

Here are some of the terrains and operations where XJCM’s rough terrain crane can be used:

Off-road terrains:

XJCM’s rough terrain crane is specifically designed to operate in off-road conditions, such as in mines, quarries, and construction sites. The RT 130 model, for example, is a four-wheel drive and four-wheel steering crane that can travel over rough and uneven terrain with ease.

It has a maximum climbing angle of 30 degrees and can carry a full load while driving, making it ideal for various off-road applications.

Narrow or restricted areas:

XJCM’s rough terrain crane is also suitable for narrow or restricted areas where space is limited. For example, it can be used in port yards, warehouses, or urban areas where there are obstacles or tight spaces.

What is a rough terrain crane

The crane’s compact size and high maneuverability allow it to access confined spaces and perform precise lifting operations.

High-performance and comfort:

XJCM’s rough terrain crane is designed to deliver high performance and comfort to the operator. The crane’s powerful engine and advanced transmission system ensure smooth and efficient operation, while the spacious and comfortable cabin provides a pleasant working environment for the operator.

The crane’s user-friendly interface and advanced control system make it easy to operate and control, even in challenging conditions.

How To Choose A Rough Terrain Crane That Suitable?

What is a rough terrain crane? It’s a huge, big guy with super strength. If you want to get more detailed product information, you can directly ask XJCM’s customer service team – they are professional and friendly enough.

In addition, here are some suggestions for you to help you make more informed choices when choosing.

Lifting Capacity:

The lifting capacity of a rough terrain crane is the most crucial factor as it determines the amount of weight that the crane can lift and move. A higher lifting capacity crane can handle heavier loads, which is essential in construction work that involves moving heavy materials and equipment.

Maximum Reach:

The maximum reach of a rough terrain crane is the second most crucial factor as it determines the crane’s ability to access and work at different heights and distances. A crane with a longer maximum reach can work on taller structures and reach farther distances, making it more efficient and versatile.

Maximum Height:

The maximum height that a rough terrain crane can reach is an essential factor when working on tall structures. The crane’s height is a critical factor in determining the type of structures that the crane can work on and its ability to maneuver around them.

Final words:

XJCM’s rough terrain crane is designed to operate in challenging terrains and perform various lifting operations, such as off-road terrains, narrow or restricted areas, heavy lifting operations, and more.

The crane is equipped with various safety features to ensure the operator’s safety and prevent accidents. Additionally, it provides high performance and comfort to the operator, making it an ideal choice for various industries and applications.

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